The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that mothers should only start feeding babies from the age of 6 months because at this time the baby’s digestive system is now relatively complete development to be absorbed. solid and more complex foods than breast milk.
When to start feeding babies?
Stage of weaning children need complementary foods for increased energy demand. From the age of 6 months, the energy from breast milk is only enough to provide about 450kcal / day, while this period, babies need about 700kcal / day. Therefore, proper weaning is necessary to make up for this gap of energy deficiency and the amount of food in weaning meals should also increase as the child grows up (increasing in number and increasing density), If not enough to eat, the child will be stunted and grow slowly.
Moreover, during this period, iron stores are no longer so young will iron deficiency if only offered from breast milk, so the food miles would be a sufficient supply of iron needed to make up that deficiency. If the child’s body does not have enough iron, they will have anemia. The iron deficiency gap is greatest at 6 to 12 months of age and the greatest risk of anemia is also in this age group.
Baby 4-6 months old
For babies who are not exclusively breastfed before 6 months of age (with foods other than breast milk), feeding babies early as they are 4-6 months will reduce the risk of allergies. Also, familiarizing your baby with foods other than milk early will make them more acceptable and have more nutrients to develop.
Before 4 months of age, young bodies do not have enough amylase enzymes to digest the starch. Therefore, if feeding your baby before 4 months, it is easy for your baby to get tired of breast milk, so it will suck less, leading to a shortage of essential and important nutrients from breast milk. This reduces the baby’s resistance, increasing the risk of malnutrition, and seriously affecting the development process. On the other hand, babies are susceptible to food allergies due to the digestive system when 4-month-old babies are still not complete, especially those with a sensitive geographical location. Therefore, babies are at high risk of diarrhea, digestive disorders because an immature digestive system is not enough yeast to handle starch and other complex foods.
In contrast, if the baby is introduced late after 6 months, the child will likely gain weight and grow slowly. Because this time breast milk does not provide enough nutrients necessary for the baby to develop.
Based on the experience learned from the American Academy of Pediatrics, the correct weaning should ensure the following principles:
Introduce foods that are similar to breast milk or formula milk
Introduce foods that are similar to breast milk or formula milk to help your baby get used to “new foods”. Should adhere to the principle of “sweet-salty” at the beginning of the weaning stage, usually, MSG will be the first choice when practicing weaning because of the “similar” taste to breast milk, children are given Eating MSG with flour first will gradually replace it with salty flour with more nutritious ingredients.
The principle of “less – more”
The principle of “less – more” to practice the child’s digestive system to adapt gradually to the increasing amount and composition of the food. Feed children in small quantities then increase gradually, specifically as the first month should feed 1-2 tablespoons of flour each time and then gradually increased to 1/3 cup, then half a cup … will ensure digestion and provide full Sufficient energy – essential nutrients for the needs of growth and development of children.
The “thin – solid”
The “thin – solid” principle should be kept in mind so that your baby ‘s weaning process is always “smooth”, this is the principle that helps children not “react” when exposed to strange foods and their digestive system. digested more complex foods.
The principle of “coloring the cup”
The principle of “coloring the cup” means that your baby’s weaning flour also ensures all four important food groups help children grow well. when they do not want to eat anymore or appear to be opposed to weaning, parents should let children stop weaning for a period of 5 – 7 days and then continue to practice for children No stress in weaning.
At the start of weaning, after the first try, if your baby is eager to open his mouth and be happy to receive food, you can be sure he is ready. On the other hand, if your baby is wincing, turning away, or getting fat, the baby is not ready and the mother should not force him. If the first attempt is not successful, please persevere. In general, it usually takes 6-10 times for a child to accept new foods and this probability increases significantly after 12-15 attempts.
Foods for weaning babies
To grow well, the child begins to eat solid foods should still be continued breastfeeding for at least 3-4 times daily and eat porridge flour from 2 meals/day and increase gradually to 3-4 meal flour/day when nearly 1 year old. Note that as early as 6 months of age, children need to eat weaning and must be weaned properly, that is cooked porridge/porridge and balance the following 4 food groups:
The food group provides energy for babies to eat every day. Mothers can mash porridge, potatoes for babies to get acquainted with this food group or cook oatmeal to enrich their baby’s meals. The mother should use new eight rice, should not mix glutinous rice (making it difficult to eat) without combining with the intention, lotus seeds, green beans easily cause feelings of boredom and indigestion for children, with children on 1-year-old diversified menu snack to prevent children and adolescents due to eating porridge too long: should processed ground beef potato soup, noodles, noodles, pancakes, … to young exciting snack.
Lean protein (pork, chicken), egg yolk: are easy-to-digest protein-rich foods recommended for children when they start to practice weaning, and then give them beef, fish, shrimp, crabs ( at 7 months of age), over 1 year old should eat whole chicken eggs (both yolks and whites). Protein plays an important role in the development of the baby, in the body, the protein will provide the necessary amino acids that promote cell growth and repair. Mother should not feed the baby too much protein, because it will harm the immature digestive system of the baby, so feed the baby animal protein (including meat, fish …) and vegetable protein (types beans …), the harmonious combination of animal protein and plants will help children grow healthy.
Group of vegetables and fruits
Providing vitamins and minerals, fiber will support your baby’s digestive system. You can also train your baby to eat fresh fruits like grated banana, drinking orange juice, mango, papaya … These foods will help supplement a lot of vitamins, antioxidants, and minerals. for the baby’s immune system to develop, prevent intestinal diseases. However, mothers need to pay attention to processing vegetables and fruits properly such as washing vegetables under running water, not storing vegetables for too long … so as not to lose nutrients and affect the health of the baby.
In addition to providing energy, it is also a component of cell membranes and brain tissue. The fat group plays an important role as a solvent that helps soluble vitamins A, D, E, K … absorb into the body. Children need to eat both vegetable oil and animal fat, with the best ratio of 1: 1 so alternating oil and fat meals. Variety of vegetable oils should be varied. Especially Gac oil should not be eaten daily but should only be 1-2 times/week to avoid jaundice due to excess vitamin A.
Note when processing food miles
Should add a little cooking oil when cooking weaning foods for babies: Fat/cooking oil is extremely important for baby weaning. Easy-to-digest cooking oil is very rich in energy and also can dissolve other substances. Making it easier for the digestive system to absorb. This is also an important factor to help the baby’s body absorb calcium and vitamin D.
When your baby is less than 1 year old, do not add seasoning/fish sauce to your snack :
Many mothers believe that a little extra fish sauce is needed to make weaning foods stronger and stimulate the baby’s taste buds. This is completely wrong because eating salt at this time will not be good for the baby’s kidney. Adding salted fish sauce to weaning foods will make the baby’s kidneys work too hard for the kidneys.
Raw materials need to be clean and safe: Raw materials for making weaning foods should be clean and safe, free of any disease-causing organisms, without using harmful chemicals or toxins. Mothers need to wash their hands before preparing food and feeding. If your baby’s diet includes fish or shrimp, be sure to remove all bones (fish must remove meat, shrimps must be cut beard, minced and minced) or hard pieces can injure the baby.
Food hygiene when the processing: All kinds of fresh, clean, nutritious foods that adults eat daily can be fed to children. Baby’s utensils and utensils should be washed and kept clean; Post-cook food needs to be fed to your baby within two hours.